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Parastesh H, Ashrafi K, Zahed M A. Estimation of methane emission from the risers of urban gas network in the metropolis of Mashhad and evaluation of its economic and environmental effects. Journal of Spatial Analysis Environmental Hazards 2022; 9 (3) :91-102
URL: http://jsaeh.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3340-en.html
1- , khashrafi@ut.ac.ir
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Estimation of methane gas leakage from Mashhad urban landfills and evaluation of economic and environmental effects
This study, which was conducted in 8 urban gas areas of Mashhad; At first, descriptive statistics of the state of Mashhad urban gas regulators and different leakage modes were presented; In order to analyze the collected data and investigate the causes of leakage, the relationship between 5 variables and the amount of leakage from gas regulators was tested with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) V.26 software; These 5 variables are: regulator equipment/connections, regulator operation age, regulator service type (domestic, industrial and commercial), urban area and different seasons of the year.
The results of the analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the type of equipment/connections and leakage. (P-Value = 0.0001). Also, a significant difference was observed among other variables of the research (the operation age of the regulator, the type of regulator service (domestic, industrial and commercial), the urban area and different seasons of the year) with the leakage rate (P-Value=0.0001); The pressure drop due to the greater demand of gas consumption in the winter season has reduced the amount of leakage compared to other seasons; The influence of the age of distribution network equipment/connections due to wear and tear and longer life will aggravate the amount of methane gas leakage; Also, the amount of leakage in commercial places had a significant difference with other types of uses; Being in an urban area has also increased the amount of methane gas leakage compared to other areas; The type and quality of equipment and connections as the main and influential factor in methane gas leakage should be considered by managers and officials in this field of work.
Keyword: Methane, Riser, Urban area, Environmental effects, Economy Effects, Gas, Emission

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/10/11 | Accepted: 2022/12/2 | Published: 2023/01/1

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